I always preach, listen and copy! Most of the time this advice is the easiest way to learn to speak a language and it’s the way we learn to speak our native language.
However, if you watch ‘Vid of the week’ (VOTW) – ‘Common mistakes natives make’ (click on link) @ www.teatimetitbits.de , you’ll find out that natives don’t always get it right. BTW you can get a summary of the “Common mistakes even natives make’ https://teatimetitbits.de/free-pdfs/.
Today, I would like to go into 4 specific ‘grammar’ terms, which he mentions in the vid. Are you ready for them?
‘Transitive verbs’ are used with a direct object (thingybob), ‘Intransitive verbs’ are used without a direct object. e.g. ‘she wrote a letter’ (letter is the direct object), e.g. ‘He died suddenly’ to die is intransitive
Homophone is a word that is pronounced like another word but has a different spelling or meaning e.g. some & sum.
A stative verb describes the way something IS (be, seem, understand, like, own etc) not an ACTION, which are known as dynamic verbs (eat, grow, knock etc)
The subjunctive mood.
The subjunctive mood is a special form of a verb used to talk about imaginary situations (made-up hypothetical situations that will never happen).
- e.g. If my mom were to become the President … If + were (not was) + infinitive (to become),
- demands e.g. “Schools require that each student be on time daily” be (not is) or
- requests, e.g. “Michelle requests that each quest bring a bottle of vine.” bring (not brings)
- or wishes that haven’t happened yet e.g. I wish he were able to come to the birthday party.
N.B. when you use the verb ‘to be’) in the subjunctive mood, use ‘be’ in the present tense and ‘were’ in the past or future tense (see above example) no matter what the subject is. When you use the he or she form, drop the ‘s’ or ‘es’ at the end of the verb (see example 3).
Hope that has clued you up a little and with PDF sheet at hand the VOTW wonN’T be all Greek to you!!!!!!
to preach (etw propagieren), however (Jedoch), summary (Zusammenfassung), terms (Begriffe), to mention (erwähnen), thingybob (Dingsbums), to pronounce (aussprechen), demand (Aufforderung), request (Bitte), to clue sb up (informieren), to be all Greek to sb (böhmische Dörfer für jdn sein),